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Special Features Section, Superior Express

Jenny's REESources

Wesleyan offers matching funds for Huge Foundation scholars


Jenny's REESources, by Jenny Rees, UNL Extension
As our crops approach maturity, it's time to think of the last irrigation. The recent rains have truly been a blessing to finish out the crop for many. For those with watermark sensors, the goal for last irrigation is to determine when the soil profile reaches 60 percent depletion (for silty-clay soils in our area, aim for an average of 160 kpa of all sensors which is taking an additional 0.30 inches out of each foot).
So if you're averaging 90kpa on your three sensors, you have depleted 2.34 inches in the top three feet so you still have 0.96 inches left. If you add the fourth foot (using a similar number from the third foot), it would bring the water available to the plant up to 1.28 inches. According to our UNL NebGuide at beginning dent corn you need 5 inches of water to finish the crop to maturity. If you subtract 1.28 from 5 you will need 3.72 inches to finish out the crop. Corn at the half-milk line needs 2.25 inches to finish the crop to maturity-so subtracting it from 1.28 would be only 0.97 inches.
We should be done irrigating many of our corn crops in this area that weren't replant or late season.
Soybeans at the beginning of seed enlargement (R5) need 6.5 inches. Many area soybean fields are in R6 or seed enlargement which needs 3.5 inches yet for maturity. Subtracting off the 1.28 inches in the four foot profile would lead to 2.22 inches. Once leaves begin to yellow, soybeans only need 1.9 inches.
The York County Corn Growers Association plot tour will beging at 5:30 p.m. today (Thursday) at the Ray and Ron Makovicka farm located east of York at the intersection of Road 14 & O. The Hamilton County Corn Growers Association tour will be Wednesday beginning at 11 a.m. on the Mike Oswald plot located 4 miles west of Aurora on Highway 34.
Our wheat edition is now up on CropWatch with information from varieties, seeding rates and dates, insect and disease information. One common question I've received throughout the state this summer is about wheat seed treatments. Diseases like common and loose smut are seed-borne diseases that grow systemically (grow inside the plant), thus we don't know they are present until the heads appear. The fungal spores can live in the soil for several years and also live on the wheat seed. A seed treatment fungicide helps reduce your risk of diseases such as smut as it protects that kernel from the fungal spore penetrating it. The smut fungus in grain is a problem due to livestock refusing to eat it, grain elevators docking or rejecting loads depending on amounts of it in a load, and the spores are combustible and have been known to cause combine fires.
If you had a problem with smut last year, the keys are to either 1-use certified disease free seed and have a fungicide seed treatment professionally applied or 2-use your saved seed but get it thoroughly cleaned and then have a fungicide seed treatment professionally applied. We have seen in the past when farmers applied a fungicide seed treatment in the planter box that smut problems still occurred due to lack of even coverage on the seed. Getting the seed professionally treated allows for more even coverage.
Another disease we fight every year in the area is wheat streak mosaic virus. The key is to control volunteer wheat within a mile of the newly planted field. If you are planning on planting wheat and have a neighbor in the area that had volunteer germinate over the summer or with these recent rains, please talk to that neighbor about controlling the volunteer. We've had a few cases of 100 percent losses in our area due to this disease, so it's very important to control the volunteer wheat at least two weeks prior to planting a new wheat field.

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Wesleyan offers matching funds for Huge Foundation scholars

Tom Oschner, director of financial aid at Nebraska Wesleyan University in Lincoln, has announced the school is now offering an additional matching scholarship program for recipients of the Dorothy Vorderstrasse Huge (DVH) Scholarship.
Harry Huge graduated from NWU. Through the Huge Foundation, he and his wife, Reba, fund several scholarship programs. NWU is reportedly impressed with their students who attend through the Huge Foundation programs and are extending a special scholarship to any DVH scholarship winner who decides to attend NWU, starting with this year's new recipients.
Nebraska Wesleyan will match the DVH scholarship, above and beyond any other financial aid for which they may be eligible. Therefore, the DVH scholarship of $10,000 for four years will become a $20,000 scholarship. This applies only to the scholarship winners who attend NWU.

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